PreOp Patient Education
Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Audio Presentation

Knee Replacement

Surgery


Your Procedure
  Your Body
  Alternatives
  Medical Record
  Anesthesia
  Before Surgery
  Your Procedure
  Recovery
This information is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor. MedSelfEd, Inc. disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
Now it's time to talk about the actual procedure your doctor has recommended for you.

On the day of your operation, you will be asked to put on a surgical gown.
On the day of your operation, you will be asked to put on a surgical gown.
You may receive a sedative by mouth ...
You may receive a sedative by mouth ...
... and an intravenous line may be put in.
... and an intravenous line may be put in.
You will then be transferred to the operating table.
You will then be transferred to the operating table.
In the operating room, a nurse will begin preparation by shaving your leg.
In the operating room, a nurse will begin preparation by shaving your leg.
The surgeon will then apply antiseptic solution to the skin ...
The surgeon will then apply antiseptic solution to the skin ...
... and place a sterile drape around the operative site.
... and place a sterile drape around the operative site.
Next, the anesthesiologist will administer anesthesia by injection and using an inhalation mask.
Next, the anesthesiologist will administer anesthesia by injection and using an inhalation mask.
After you are unconscious,
After you are unconscious,
... your doctor will make a vertical incision in your leg above your knee.
... your doctor will make a vertical incision in your leg above your knee.
Using retractors to pull back the skin,
Using retractors to pull back the skin,
... the surgeon will make a second incision in the muscle ...
... the surgeon will make a second incision in the muscle ...
... in order to expose the damaged knee joint.
... in order to expose the damaged knee joint.
Next, your doctor will remove the patella, or knee cap,
Next, your doctor will remove the patella, or knee cap,
... and flex your leg to expose the surface of the joint.
... and flex your leg to expose the surface of the joint.
Preparing the surface of the joint involves removing the damaged or diseased parts of the bone ...
Preparing the surface of the joint involves removing the damaged or diseased parts of the bone ...
... and then cutting and shaping the surface to allow the best fit possible for the artificial joint.
... and then cutting and shaping the surface to allow the best fit possible for the artificial joint.
Once your doctor is satisfied with this preparation, the team will drill holes in the femur and tibia.
Once your doctor is satisfied with this preparation, the team will drill holes in the femur and tibia.
They will also prepare the inside surface of the knee cap, and then coat the bony surfaces with a special cement.
They will also prepare the inside surface of the knee cap, and then coat the bony surfaces with a special cement.
The metal pieces of the new joint are then installed on the tibia and femur,
The metal pieces of the new joint are then installed on the tibia and femur,
... as well as the knee cap pad.
... as well as the knee cap pad.
Finally, your doctor places a spacer on the tibia surface.
Finally, your doctor places a spacer on the tibia surface.
After a final check to make sure all components fit and that the leg can move freely,
After a final check to make sure all components fit and that the leg can move freely,
... the muscle and other tissues are closed with sutures.
... the muscle and other tissues are closed with sutures.
Following surgery, sterile dressings are applied.
Following surgery, sterile dressings are applied.
To aid in healing, your knee may be stabilized with a brace and you will be encouraged to use crutches during the recovery process.
To aid in healing, your knee may be stabilized with a brace and you will be encouraged to use crutches during the recovery process.

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